Chinese Grammar

Integrated Chinese Lesson 12 Grammar-Adverb 多/少 (duō/shǎo) + V

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yònɡ zhōnɡ wén wèn wèn tí hé huí dá wèn tí 1
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Practical Chinese Grammar:Ways to ask and answer questions in Chinese Chapter 1


多 (duō) and 少 (shǎo) are two adjectives whose usage is rather unusual.
To express the idea of doing something “more” or “less,” one places 多 (duō) or 少 (shǎo) before the verb.

lì rú :
例 如 :
For example:

1. 爸爸告诉妈妈做菜的时候少放盐,多放点 儿糖。
1.Bàba gàosu māma zuò cài de shíhou shǎo fàng yán, duō fàng diǎnr táng.
1.Dad asked Mom to add less salt and more sugar when she cooks.

2. 上中文课得多说中文,少说英文。
2. Shàng Zhōngwén kè děi duō shuō Zhōngwén, shǎo shuō Yīngwén.
2. In Chinese class, one should speak more Chinese and less English.
This “多/少 (duō/shǎo) + verb” construction can sometimes denote a deviation from the correct amount or number.

lì rú :
例 如 :
For example:

1. 你多找了我一块钱。
1. Nǐ duō zhǎo le wǒ yí kuài qián.
1. You gave me one dollar too many.

2. 老师说要写五十个字,我写了四十五个,少写了五个。
2. Lǎoshī shuō yào xiě wǔshí ge zì, wǒ xiě le sìshíwǔ ge, shǎo xiě le wǔ ge.
2. The teacher told us to write fifty characters. I wrote forty-five. I was five short.

Do it yourself.
现在你要自己试试用这个语法吗?
xiàn zài nǐ yào zì jǐ shì shì yònɡ zhè ɡe yú fǎ mɑ?
Now would you like to try this grammar by yourself?


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