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Chinese Documentary:Craftwork Treasure of China - Dough Figurine/Dough Sculpture面人miàn rén 中国工艺珍宝

Dough figure is a kind of small sculpture that uses flour and glutinous rice flour as the main raw material, plus the components such as color

jì lù piàn : zhōnɡ ɡuó ɡōnɡ yì zhēn bǎo - miàn rén / miàn sù
纪 录 片   : 中    国  工   艺 珍   宝  - 面   人  / 面   塑
Chinese Culture Documentary:Craftwork Treasure of China - Dough Figurine/dough sculpture

 

 miàn rén , yě chēnɡ wéi miàn sù,
面   人  , 也 称    为  面   塑,


shì yì zhǒnɡ fā yuán yú zhōnɡ ɡuó de mín jiān yì shù mén lèi ,
是  一 种    发 源   于 中    国  的 民  间   艺 术  门  类  ,


qí zhǔ yào yuán liào shì miàn fěn hé nuò mǐ fěn 。
其 主  要  原   料   是  面   粉  和 糯  米 粉  。


yì shù jiā zài qí zhōnɡ tiān jiā ɡè zhǒnɡ yán liào ,
艺 术  家  在  其 中    添   加  各 种    颜  料   ,


hùn hé hòu niē chū rén wù qín niǎo děnɡ zào xínɡ 。
混  合 后  捏  出  人  物 禽  鸟   等   造  型   。


kě ɡònɡ shí yònɡ huò shōu cánɡ 。
可 供   食  用   或  收   藏   。

zài zhè ɡe shì pín zhōnɡ ,
在  这  个 视  频  中    ,


nǐ ké yǐ kàn dào 《 hónɡ lóu mènɡ 》 lǐ de miàn rén ,
你 可 以 看  到  《 红   楼  梦   》 里 的 面   人  ,


yě yǒu 《 xī yóu jì 》 lǐ de bá jiè ;
也 有  《 西 游  记 》 里 的 八 戒  ;


《 shuǐ hǔ zhuàn 》 lǐ de 108 wèi hǎo hàn ;
《 水   浒 传    》 里 的 108 位  好  汉  ;


《 sān ɡuó yǎn yì 》 lǐ de “ sān yīnɡ zhàn lǚ bù ” děnɡ děnɡ ,
《 三  国  演  义 》 里 的 “ 三  英   战   吕 布 ” 等   等   ,


zhè xiē miàn rén yí ɡè ɡè dōu xǔ xǔ rú shēnɡ , huó línɡ huó xiàn 。
这  些  面   人  一 个 个 都  栩 栩 如 生    , 活  灵   活  现   。

面miàn:noodle
面人miàn rén:dough figurine
面塑miàn sù:dough sculpture
面塑艺人miàn sù yì rén:Sculpture artist

 

Dough figure is a kind of small sculpture that uses flour and glutinous rice flour as the main raw material, plus the components such as color, paraffin, honey etc, and undergoes control and mildew-proof processing. It is a type of folk artwork that is easy to make but has very high artistic value. The traditional folk craft boasts a history of two or three hundred years so far.

In the processing of molding the dough figure, the craftsmen take their tools such as scissors,cattle bone sticker, small comb, etc. to knead, twine, rub and lift the colored dough and cut, carve, draw and mold the bodies, hands, heads and faces of the small figures by small bamboo knives. After decorated with hair and clothes, various artistic images are created, including graceful and elegant beauty, naïve children and the characters and historical figures in different myths, legends, and dramas. The colorful dough figures have smiles, so the mold is very vivid. Some of them even have fingers and teeth. The clothes and decoration pieces of dough figures are also complete, even the clothes plaits are very clear too. Some of the figures have small shoes on their feet and sword in their hands. Since the dough figures are very small, they are convenient to carry. In addition, they can last for a long time without mildew, crack, deform or fade.

Generally, dough figures are made on streets and sold on the spot. The craftsman depends on this craft to make a living. There is no specific institution that teaches the skills for making dough figures. The craft is handed down by oral teaching and practice. In general, the craft is passed down from the ancestors of a family. There are a lot of schools of dough figures making. They differ from one another in the formula and techniques of dough kneading. Even within the same school, the formula and techniques of dough kneading can also be different with the change of seasons and works.

The pocket sized and varied dough figures are full of profound Chinese characteristics. They are fully concentrated with the historical and cultural essence of the five-thousand-year history of the Chinese nation.

 

 

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